QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE V16 GEOLOCATIONABLE EMERGENCY LIGHT
What is a V16 geolocatable emergency light?
A geolocalizable emergency light or geolocalizable emergency beacon is a connected danger signaling device that will replace the current emergency triangles , which currently and by regulations, must be carried by all vehicles circulating in Spanish territory. Emergency lights, the generic name given to this type of connected device, must incorporate a communication module with an integrated SIM card and the data service included for a minimum period of 12 years (as stipulated in Royal Decree 1030/2022). so that, at the time of activation, it also connects and informs the Directorate General of Traffic (DGT) through its new DGT 3.0 platform .
What is a V16 geolocatable emergency beacon used for?
The geolocalizable emergency light is used to signal that we have been stopped on the road, we will place the light device in the highest possible part of the vehicle. Thus, we guarantee maximum visibility. To place it, we do not need to get out of the vehicle or walk along the road avoiding traffic, as was the case with triangles up to now. According to data from the DGT (not counting Catalonia and the Basque Country), between 2019 and 2020, more than 32 pedestrians were killed on the road after getting out of their vehicle. Additionally, and thanks to its connectivity with the DGT 3.0 platform, the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) will be able to better manage the roads by sharing information on the use of these devices with the rest of the users, for example, showing the different incidents in the highway panels.
Where and when are the V16 emergency lights born?
The main objective for which the geolocalizable emergency light was created is to reduce the number of deaths on the road in those accidents that often occur when we get out of the car to take the triangle from the trunk and place it at a certain distance from the vehicle. . With the new V16 emergency beacons it is no longer necessary to get out of the vehicle to signal the incident, you just have to take the emergency light from inside the vehicle and place it on the roof of the vehicle, avoiding the risk of a possible run-over when leaving the vehicle . Additionally, the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) works with the objective of digitizing the national road network. This objective is achieved with the new DGT 3.0 , the connected vehicle platform of the Directorate General of Traffic (DGT), which facilitates the interconnection of all the actors that are part of the mobility ecosystem - vehicle manufacturers, service providers, navigation, mobility applications, town halls, public transport platforms, fleet management systems, etc. -to offer real-time traffic information to road users at all times, thus allowing for safer and more intelligent mobility.
How does the V16 geolocalizable emergency light warning system work?
To activate the warning system, all you have to do is press the on and/or off button to put both the emergency light and the geolocation sending into operation.
By activating this system we can visually confirm its operation thanks to the flash of light, and at the same time the GPS system will begin to triangulate the position with the different satellites of the operator.
From this moment on, the device will begin to send the information frame on the latitude, longitude and identification of the device to the server of the manufacturer and/or communications operator. This sending is described as Protocol A and includes the regulated data frame. The information that will always be punctual and ANONYMOUS.
Once the Protocol A frame arrives at the intermediate server, from there the same frame, known as Protocol B, is sent to the DGT 3.0 platform.
In the following diagram we can see the server and data architecture established for the operation of the geolocalized emergency lights.
Why are the new connected V16 beacons powered by a battery and not charged via USB?
These new devices have functionalities and characteristics whose minimum
required are defined in Royal Decree 1030/2022, where it is stated that the power can only be with this type of battery. Additionally, and during the approval process, FLASHLED guarantees the quality and durability of the 9V battery used.
When will the V16 geolocatable emergency beacons be mandatory?
The geolocalizable emergency lights will be MANDATORY to use as of January 1, 2026 , at which time the current triangles or current V16 emergency lights, which do not incorporate a geolocation system, can no longer be used. These devices must be certified and have the V16 approval by the DGT who will publish the list of the different certified brands and models at the address www.dgt.com/v16
How will other drivers know that I have had an accident?
The light emitted by the beacon will allow you to be detected at a distance of 1 kilometer. In addition, by having a connectivity system, other cars will receive information about the mishap or accident through their navigation systems, mobile applications or integrated computers. In the same way, drivers of older vehicles or those without this technology will be able to find out about the situation through variable electronic signs located on the roads.
What does it mean for a beacon to be connected?
It means that drivers will not only be able to physically signal each other with the emergency beacon, but they will also be signaled virtually on the DGT 3.0 platform, thus offering much safer signalling.
Are all V16 beacons that are advertised as connected really connected? They are valid?
Only the manufacturers and models published in the Certified Brands and Models section have gone through the certification process in the designated laboratories and, therefore, comply with the regulations established in ANNEX XI "SIGNS ON VEHICLES" of Royal Decree 2822 /1998, approved on December 23, which establishes the General Vehicle Regulations. It is important to note that V16 warning devices are only designed to make the crashed vehicle visible and send its location to the General Directorate of Traffic, so they are not allowed to include additional features.
Can I use the current emergency beacons without geolocation? And the triangles?
Yes, until January 1, 2026, it will be possible to continue using the current beacons or emergency lights not connected (without geolocation) as well as the popular emergency triangles that we have been using to date.
How to know if a geolocatable V16 emergency light is approved?
Any certified V16 emergency light must display, in a visible way for the user, its own approval code . The code in question can have a numeric or alphanumeric format and must be completely legible as well as being engraved directly on the beacon, with no option for it to deteriorate over time or present imperfections that make it difficult to read.
In the case of FlashLED, this type of code can be found on the lampshade of the product.
What kind of batteries do the V16 emergency beacons use?
These types of beacons work with commercial alkaline batteries that provide them with a minimum of 2.5 hours of autonomy in emergency mode. In addition, this type of battery retains more than 80% of its capacity for up to 4 years.
How do I check the status of the FlashLED SOS V16 Connected battery?
FlashLED SOS V16 Connected is the only emergency light of this type that has a battery check on the device itself with an LED indicator. By pressing the main button for more than 3 seconds, it lights up in different colors depending on the battery status. Green 100%, Orange 50% and Red 10%.
Can a motorcycle have a V16 emergency signal?
Yes. Although it is currently not mandatory, the fact of carrying a V16 emergency light is highly recommended to protect yourself adequately in the event of an accident on the road.
In the case of motorcycles, it is even more important , taking into account the risk that this group suffers on the road and the considerable number of accidents in which they are affected, mainly due to the distractions of car drivers who are increasingly seen more increased.
Why is it better to buy a connected V16?
- At the General Directorate of Traffic we can receive the coordinates of your location to assist you, informing the other cars that approach the place of the accident.
- You will not need to make an additional investment, since the connected V16 device will be the only means of signaling danger allowed by law from January 1, 2026.
Where should the geolocatable beacon be placed?
In the highest possible position of the immobilized car and ensuring its optimal ability to be seen. The requirements on its design demand that it must be able to stand firmly on a level surface; However, if it is not feasible to access the roof of the vehicle due to its height, in the case of FlashLED the V16 device has a magnet so that it can be located on the driver's door.
Where should the beacon be taken?
The best place to keep the device is in the glove box, and if possible well accessible and charged.
Can I get a fine for not carrying the V16 geolocatable emergency light?
Yes, in the same way that currently, not wearing the triangles or putting them on incorrectly is considered an infraction classified as minor and that can be sanctioned with a fine of up to 100 euros.
In the event that your vehicle is stopped on the road and you do not signal it with a V16 sign or a triangle, the user will be penalized with a fine of 200 euros.
On the other hand, the DGT reminds that once the vehicle is stopped and if you get out of it, it will be mandatory to wear an approved reflective vest.
What are the main functionalities that a V16 emergency light should have?
1- Indicates that the vehicle has been immobilized on the road or that its load has fallen on it.
2- This auto yellow device will be placed in the highest possible part of the immobilized vehicle , guaranteeing its maximum visibility.
3- The device will communicate its activation, deactivation and geopositioning, to the national access point in terms of traffic and mobility. Information about the location of the crashed vehicle will be sent every 100 seconds and will stop being sent once the deactivation information has been sent.
4- The device will include inside its casing all the necessary elements for its operation , including communications, without depending in any case on external elements such as mobile phone applications or other similar ones.
5- The V16 hazard pre-signaling devices will be used exclusively for the visibility of the injured vehicle and consequent referral to the General Directorate of Traffic of the location of the injured vehicle, not being able to incorporate additional functionalities.
6- The technical services designated for the certification of V16 signs must notify the Directorate General of Traffic of the list of those devices that obtain certification. The designated technical services will act as the single point of contact between the manufacturers and the General Directorate of Traffic.
7- In any case, the certificate must include the analysis of the effectiveness of the communications, as well as the connectivity of the V16 signals , with the connected vehicle platform of the General Directorate of Traffic.
What technical characteristics should a V16 emergency light have?
- Irradiation: the optical system shall be designed in such a way that the light covers a horizontal field of visibility of 360 degrees and vertically a minimum of ± 8 degrees up and down.
- Luminous intensity: the intensity must be between 40 and 700 effective candles in grade 0, and in degrees +-8 between 25 and 600 effective candles. In both cases, said intensity will be maintained for at least 30 minutes.
- On time: the duration of the beacon with the light signal constantly on is about 2 hours of uninterrupted operation.
- IP degree of protection: at least it will be IP54.
- Stability: the equipment will be designed to remain stable on a flat surface , not moving in the face of an air current that exerts a dynamic pressure of 180 Pa, in the most unfavorable direction for its stability.
- Flash frequency: between 0.8 and 2 Hz.
- Emergency light temperature: The operation of the light will be guaranteed at temperatures of −10 ºC and 50 ºC.
- Power supply: The power supply of the device will be autonomous through a cell or battery that must guarantee its use after 18 months. Devices that use a rechargeable battery and provided that it can be charged in the vehicle itself will be considered to comply with this requirement.
What are the advantages of a V16 geolocalizable emergency beacon?
The main advantages of the new V16 geolocatable emergency light are to improve safety and reduce the number of accidents.
On the other hand, thanks to the connectivity of the device and the information on the incident sent anonymously to the DGT, new services associated with the product are beginning to be defined, which will entail a disruptive change in the management of the claim currently being developed by the insurance companies.
This change will materialize in the way of contacting the insurance company , reversing the procedure and improving the response time. Since after having linked the device with our policy number, it may be the insurance company who contacts us to provide us with their services upon receiving a notification sent by our emergency beacon.
What happens if I press the button by mistake?
The device is designed to avoid "false warnings" that can be caused by mistake. To do this, it incorporates an algorithm that prevents the activation or sending of the position in the event of a short duration ignition or a location that is not located on the road network.
The algorithm to detect false positives works based on these two variables:
- No data is sent when the power-on time is less than 100 seconds.
- No data is sent if the device is more than 5 meters away from any type of road.
What type of network do you use for communications?
The V16 geolocatable emergency light uses the NB (Narrow Band) communications network, the European reference system for IoT (Internet of Things) devices. This type of network works under 4G and 5G antennas and makes it possible to effectively broadcast a signal of the position in which the accident is located, even in areas with little coverage, such as subways, parking lots or areas with few populations.
Currently in Spain only Telefónica and Vodafone have their own Narrow band network.
Can a V16 geolocalizable emergency light be used in other countries?
The General Directorate of Traffic DGT is working to propose the obligatory nature of this device in other countries of the European Union, however, currently the regulations are only applicable in Spain.
By using a V16 emergency light that can be geolocated outside Spanish territory, we will be able to signal the incident visually , however, and until there is a European regulation, the signal will not reach the DGT 3.0 platform.
Which V16 geolocalizable emergency light should I buy?
Royal Decree 1030/2022 defines the functionalities that all geolocalizable emergency lights with V16 approval must have.
This means that all the approved emergency lights will be valid and will comply with the regulations , so the differences between one and the other, which can help us decide on which product to buy are the following:
- Design, measurements, finishes.
- Confidence in the brand and/or its associated operator
- Accessories included (batteries, case, …)
- Additional product features such as flashlight.
- Additional functionalities of your mobile application
- Sale price
How much does a V16 geolocalizable emergency light cost? Why are they so expensive?
The sale price of the geolocatable V16 emergency lights will be between 50 and 60 euros.
This is because the device includes a series of components whose cost is high , such as the communication module.
Additionally, the device includes a SIM card with the prepaid communications service for the next 12 years, 13 in the case of FlashLED .
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE EMBEDDED TELEPHONE SERVICE
Will I have to sign a contract with the telephone operator?
NO , the device includes the SIM card and the 12 years of mandatory communications service, until 2038 in the case of FlashLED , but as it is a prepaid service for a device that sends anonymous information , no contract will have to be signed with the operator telephony.
However, the manufacturer must have signed a collaboration and supply contract , a document that has previously been delivered to the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) for the validation and approval of the device.
What will happen when the service period ends and the data has been consumed? Can they be renewed?
The cost of communications, regardless of the number of times the geolocalized emergency light is used, will be included in the retail price and, by law, these will be guaranteed for at least 12 years. And in the case of FlashLED, the duration of the service will be until 2038.
In order to confirm the remaining years of service, the device will have the expiration date of the data service indicated both on the packaging box and on the base of the product.
Subsequently, and after the established years, the manufacturer may enable a system to renew or contract additional data or services for future periods of use.
Will I have to pay any additional cost or subscription for the use of the emergency light?
No, all the connected V16 emergency lights that are approved comply with the mandatory regulations according to RD 1030/2022 and include the communications service for the next 12 years in the sale price of the device, up to 2038 in the case of FlashLED.
However, it is possible that some manufacturers may offer additional payment services , such as hiring a towing service for those users who do not have this coverage contracted with their insurance company.
What kind of information stored on the SIM card does my V16 beacon send in an emergency?
All V16 emergency lights incorporate a geolocation system that, once activated, sends the location of the stopped vehicle to the DGT 3.0 cloud every 100 seconds, so that this information reaches other drivers.
The information sent, ALWAYS ANONYMOUSLY , is defined and includes:
- manufacturer ID
- device ID
The information on the position of the emergency light (latitude and longitude) must have an accuracy of +/- 5 meters.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE DGT 3.0 PLATFORM
What is the DGT 3.0 platform?
DGT 3.0 is the platform of the General Directorate of Traffic that facilitates the interconnection of all the actors that are part of the mobility ecosystem - vehicle manufacturers, navigation service providers, mobility applications, town halls, public transport platforms, fleet management systems etc. - to offer real-time traffic information to road users at all times, achieving safer and more intelligent mobility.
What is the objective of DGT 3.0?
The objective of the DGT 3.0 platform is to have and share in real time the information of the different events (or use cases) that occur in the national road network. To do this, the General Directorate of Traffic has spent years developing an intermediate technology platform called the Internet of Things (IOT) between the actors and the end user.
Its function is to make use of traffic routes and connect them anonymously both to provide valuable information to the connected community, and to consume that same information in order to detect and be notified of dangerous situations that may occur during our mobility on the road.
Is the DGT going to monitor or geolocate us in any way?
NO. This is perhaps the most important point to take into account, since there are many doubts about the information that the DGT will have for the use of this geolocatable device.
The first thing we need to know is that the information sent is TOTALLY ANONYMOUS , and the law specifies that the data sent to the DGT 3.0 platform does not include the user's personal data, only a device identifier, corresponding to the IMEI of the integrated SIM card.
On the other hand, the emergency light ONLY CONNECTS with the DGT 3.0 platform during the time it is in use , that is, only during the time that we activate the light to signal the incident will it connect with the DGT, then it will stop emitting a signal and, therefore, when it is stored inside the vehicle it will not be connected.
What benefit and obligation of use does the V16 geolocalizable emergency light have in Catalonia and the Basque Country where the DGT has no jurisdiction over traffic management?
The emergency light will be of MANDATORY use throughout the national territory , it is a regulation defined in the Official State Gazette and it is for this reason that regardless of the community in which any user resides will have to carry this device in the vehicle.
However, due to the fact that both in Catalonia and in the Basque Country the traffic powers are held by the Servei Català de Trànsit and the Ertzaintza respectively, the benefits for the user will not be the same as in other autonomous communities where the General Directorate of Traffic (DGT) who manages the road network.
This happens because both the Servei Català de Trànsit and the Ertzaintza have their own digital services and currently do not receive all the information that the DGT can provide through the broadcast tray of its DGT 3.0 platform.
In any case, it is foreseeable that in the future all administrations will be able to have access to the information available on the DGT 3.0 platform so that regardless of the autonomous community in which a user resides, they can find out in "real" time the different events of the DGT 3.0.
How can I know if a V16 geolocalizable emergency light is certified and approved by the DGT?
As indicated by Royal Decree 130/2022, the list of brands and models of V16 devices that comply with everything established in this section, and therefore are valid for signaling an accident, will be published at the address http://www. .dgt.es/v16
Additionally, the V16 approval number must be screen printed on the lampshade.
QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE APPS THAT HAVE SOME GEOLOCABLE BEACONS
What are these APPs for?
Most of these products have an associated application for Android and IOS mobile phones that allow obtaining additional functionalities to those that are required by law (Anonymous signaling and geolocation of the incident).
Each one of the different manufacturers, and depending on their commercial strategy, has developed their application in a different way. In some cases, the main functionalities provided by the App are focused on linking the device with the insurance company and in others to provide exclusive services for users.
Below, we detail some of the main functionalities that, in general, we can find:
- Linking and registration of the device with the driver or owner of the vehicle.
- Linking and registering the device with the insurance company.
- Report the incident to third parties, be it our emergency contacts or assistance services.
- Data storage of our vehicle, to have all the information we have in the "papers" (chassis number, license plate, insurance, policy number...) digitized.
- Manage different emergency lights from the same owner (family, fleets, rent a cars, leasing…)
- Know information about other incidents reported from the DGT 3.0 platform (information about other connected signals, weather, traffic lights in real time...)